APA style is the official format for the American Psychological Association and is used widely throughout the social sciences.
Any class you take from the UCCS College of Education will require APA style citation.
If you are taking courses from other colleges, you may be using styles such as MLA, the Chicago Manual of Style, or Turabian. Courses in the sciences will have a wide range of styles as well, so please check with your instructors in other colleges.
The library has many style guides available in print or online. Check our catalog for call numbers and locations.
What is peer-review?
Content in peer-reviewed or refereed journals has undergone a process by which it is reviewed by experts in the discussed subject matter. The identifying information (such as author name and institutional affiliation) has often been removed during the review, resulting in an unbiased "blind" process.
Double Blind means the reviewer does not know who the author is, and the author does not know who has reviewed his or her paper.
How do you find peer-reviewed articles?
In many databases, such as ERIC, you can narrow to peer-reviewed or scholarly articles from the advanced search screen, or from the results list.
If your professor told you to use scholarly, or peer-reviewed, sources for your assignment, you need to find an article published in a peer-reviewed journal. Use a library search tools to locate articles, then check them for the following features:
Is this an article that was published in a journal? (Hint: Look near the bottom or top of the page for a journal name, volume number, issue number, year and page numbers.)
Does the article tell you where the author works (and maybe their contact details)? (Hint: Look for footnotes by the author's name.)
Is there an abstract at the beginning of the article? (A summary of the article, written by the authors.)
Does the article end with a bibliography or list of works cited? (There could also be extensive footnotes.)
Is the language in the article more technical than a typical magazine or newspaper?
Does the article's formatting look really boring? (No advertisements or glossy color pictures.)
If you answered YES to most of these questions, the article you're looking at is probably scholarly!
How do I know if my source is a good source?
What is the difference between a primary source and a secondary source?
Primary Source: A document, speech, or other evidence written, created or otherwise produced during the time under study.
(Original publications, journals, letters, conference papers and proceedings, field notes, autobiographies, film footage, dissertations, studies, art, data, photographs, technical reports, patents)
Secondary Source: A restatement or analysis of a primary source, written after the fact.
(Critiques, summaries, reviews, textbooks, dictionaries, encyclopedias, biographies, bibliographies, indexes, abstracts, handbooks)